Viburnums are a large group of deciduous and evergreen shrubs varying in size anywhere from about 2′ tall to 12′tall and taller. They generally flower in the spring in colors from white to pink. Many are very fragrant. The flowers produce fruit that range in color from yellow, orange, red, pink, blue and black. Viburnums require slightly moist, well-drained soil and are very pH adaptable. Avoid sulphur sprays as many viburnums are defoliated by them. They are an excellent choice for shrub borders and are useful around swimming pools. The taller varieties benefit from pruning to prevent legginess. Pruning should be done after flowering is completed in the spring.
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Alfredo Compact Cranberrybush (Viburnum trilobum ‘Alfredo’) – A compact form of the American Cranberry Bush. This viburnum has dense maple-like foliage that shows excellent red fall color. Flowers and fruits are sparse. Prefers a good, well-drained, moist soil. Full sun to partial shade. Grows 3 to 5 feet tall.
Alleghany Viburnum (V.x rhytidophylloides) – This semi-evergreen shrub has an abundance of creamy-white blooms in spring. The dark green leathery foliage is densely held on stout branches. In fall, large clusters of bright red fruit change to shining black when mature. Evergreen types perform better if protected from hot summer sun.
American Cranberrybush (V. trilobum) – Handsome, hardy shrub with lobed, maple-like leaves. Flat clusters of white flowers in spring are followed by edible, scarlet berries that last well into winter. Foliage turns deep red in fall. An excellent plant for screening and informal hedging. Prefers good, well-drained, moist soil in full sun to partial shade. Grows 10 to 12 feet tall.
Arrowwood Viburnum (V. dentatum) – Hardy, multistemmed, dense, rounded shrub with spreading, and finely arching branches. White flowers with yellow stamens bloom May-June. Blue-black fruits are produced in fall that birds enjoy. Outstanding fall color ranges from yellow to glossy red to reddish purple. Excellent for screens and withstands heavier soils and colder climates. Full sun to partial shade.
Burkwood Viburnum (V. burkwoodii) – An open, upright, semi-evergreen shrub with shiny, dark green leaves. Very fragrant white flower clusters bloom in early spring. Flowers produce red fruit, changing to black in July-Aug. Prefers a moist, slightly acidic soil in partial shade, but will tolerate full sun. Grows 8 to 10 feet tall.
Compact Cranberrybush (V. opulus ‘Compactum’) – Dense rounded form for areas with limited space. Grows to about 5 feet tall. Flat white flower clusters in mid spring are followed by persistent scarlet fruit in fall. Adaptable to wide range of soil conditions. Full sun to partial shade.
Compact Koreanspice Viburnum (V. carlesii ‘Compactum’) – One of the best dwarf clones available. Grows 2 to 3 feet tall. Highly fragrant pinkish-white flowers in early spring. Red fruit changing to black in fall. Resistant to leaf spot. Needs well-drained, evenly moist, slightly acidic soil. Full sun to partial shade.
Doublefile Viburnum (V. plicatum var. tomentosum) – One of the most elegant flowering shrubs. Dense horizontal brnaches have 2 to 4 inch, pure white flowers borne above the foliage. Fall foliage is striking bronzish-red to partial shade. A choice specimen of Doublefile Viburnum is without equal. Grows 8 to 10 feet tall and much wider.
Dwarf Cranberrybush (V. opulus ‘Nanum’) – Dwarf mounding, many-branched shrub with small glossy green leaves. Makes a good filler plant or a low hedge. Grows 1 1/2 to 2 feet tall. No fruit or flowers.
Eastern Snowball Bush (V. opulus ‘Sterile’) – A popular, medium sized shrub with white snowball-like flowers in late spring to early summer. The bright green foliage turns purplish-red in fall. Prefers full sun.
Fragrant Snowball Bush (V. carlcephalum) - A medium sized shrub with an open, loose habit. Leaves are dark green. The fragrant flowers are pink in bud, and open to white, 5 inch clusters. Red fruit changes to black in fall; rather sparse. Foliage becomes purplish-red in fall.
Judd Viburnum (V. x juddii) – Bushy plant with a spreading, full and rounded habit 6 to 8 feet tall. Very fragrant light pink flowers followed by purplish fruit in the fall. Similar to V. carlesii, but more cold hardy. Full sun to partial shade in a well-drained, slightly acidic soil with even moisture.
Koreanspice Viburnum (V. carlesii) – Upright, spreading branches create a rounded form of this 6 foot shrub. Intense fragrance comes from the clusters of pinkish-white flowers in spring. The red fruits turn black in late summer or early fall. Culture is the same as other viburnums.
Maries Doublefile Viburnum (V. plicatum ‘Mariesii’) – A spreading, dense horizontal habit is capped in the spring with large, white flower clusters. Plants in full bloom are a magnificent sight. Leaves turn reddish-purple in fall. Demands a moist, well-drained soil. Grows 8 to 10 feet tall, and usually spreading wider.
Mohican Viburnum (V. lantana) – Compact growth habit, but still growing 8 to 10 feet tall and wider. Thick dark green leaves may turn purplish red in fall. Creamy white flowers appear in May and produce orange-red fruit ripening in early July – effective 4 weeks or more. Resistant to bacterial leaf spot. Very tolerant of alkaline and dry soils, though prefers a well-drained, loamy site.
Mohawk Viburnum (V. x burkwoodii ‘Mohawk’) – This cultivar was selected for its dark red flower buds that open to wine petals with red accents. They have a strong, spicy clove fragrance. The plant grows 5 to 6 feet tall with a compact, rounded form. The glossy, dark green leaves turn a brilliant orange-red in the fall and are resistant to leaf spot and mildew.
Newport Dwarf Doublefile Viburnum (V. plicatum ‘Newport’) – A chance seedling of V. plicatum that is quite dwarf, growing only to 30 inches. The white flowers are smaller, but double , and the leaves are less than half the side of the species. An ideal plant for restricted areas.
Onondaga Viburnum (V. sargentii ‘Onondaga’) – The maple-like leaves are velvety and fine-textured. Young foliage is dark maroon and maintains a maroon tinge when mature. It forms a globe-shaped shrub 6 feet tall. Makes a good screen or shrub border plant. Red flower buds open to creamy white flat-topped flower clusters with a hint of pink. Sparse red fruits.
Pink Dawn Viburnum (V. bodnantense ‘Pink Dawn’) – Rich green deeply veined, velvety leaves cover this medium-sized shrub with an upright habit. Rose colored flower buds open to pink, fragrant flowers in early spring. The following fruits turn dark blue in the fall. Grows 8 to 10 feet tall, 6 to 8 feet wide. Fall foliage is scarlet.
Shasta Viburnum (V. plicatum ‘Shasta’) – Broad, horizontally branched shrub growing 6 feet tall and 10 to 12 feet wide. Many 4 – 6 inch wide white flat-topped flower clusters in spring become bright red fruits in July, maturing to black. Considered an excellent viburnum.
Shoshoni Viburnum (V. plicatum ‘Shoshoni’) – A seedling of Shasta, but on a smaller scale. Grows to about 5 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Dark green leaves turn dull purplish red in fall. White, flat-topped flower clusters are 3 – 5 inches wide. the red fruit matures to black.
Summer Snowflake Viburnum (V. plicatum ‘Summer Snowflake) – Grows to about 6 feet tall and about 5 feet wide. Oval to oblong leaves turn dark reddish-purple in the fall. Lovely white, flat-topped flower clusters begin blooming in May and continue blooming until frost. Flowers are produced in two rows along the tops of branches. Full sun to light shade.
Wentworth Viburnum (V. trilobum ‘Wentworth’) – A selected, heavy fruiting form of V. trilobum with large, red fruit. Excellent tasting and good for making preserves. Maple-like leaves with flat clusters of white flowers in spring. Foliage turns deep red in fall. Full sun to partial shade. Grows 10 to 12 feet tall. Excellent for screening and attracting birds.
Willowleaf Viburnum (V. x pragense) – Evergreen shrub growing to about 10 feet tall. Abundant creamy white flowers followed by berries. Unique narrower leaves give this plant its name. Sun, though evergreen forms perform better in partial shade in our hot summers.